|Esa-Pekka Salonen. Photo by Stefan Bremer|
Franz Joseph Haydn lived in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and was the court composer for Prince Nikolaus Esterházy. Living and working in the Prince's two residences of Eisenstadt and Esterházy from 1761 to 1790, Haydn set the standard for string quartets and symphonies, ushering in the so-called "classical" period.
|Franz Joseph Haydn|
Haydn is represented on the program by his 6th, 7th, and 8th symphonies, a tryptich nicknamed Le Matin, Le Midi and Le Soir.
Béla Bartók was crucial to the development of Hungarian music and national identity, Traveling into the rural parts of his country, Bartok made field recordings of songs and folk music, and then wrote music based on those recordings. Later, he fled the Nazis and emigrated to New York City, where he died from leukemia in 1945. He is considered the most important composer in modern Hungarian history.
Bartok represented at the Festival by the Concerto for Orchestra, the First Piano Concerto, the Suite from the ballet score The Miraculous Mandarin and three performances of the one-act opera Duke Bluebeard's Castle.
György Ligeti (1923-2006)continued where Bartok left off, writing compositions that explored the power of microtones, music that uses intervals that are between the notes of the standard 12-note scale. He received tremendous exposure from the film composer Stanley Kubrick, who used Ligeti compositions in his films 2001: A Space Odyssey, The Shining and Eyes Wide Shut.
For more information on the Hungarian Echoes Festival and to order concert tickets, visit the New York Philharmonic's official web site at NYPhil.org